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Does completing a thesis make you a better practicing psychologist?

Does completing a thesis make you a better practicing psychologist?

I am a strong believer in the importance of the scientist-practitioner model for psychology. I think that training in the scientific method is a major component of what makes a person trained in psychology more employable.

In many jurisdictions, a student wanting to be registered as a psychologists is required to complete one more research theses. For example, in Australia, a student will typically complete an undergraduate fourth year thesis and a thesis as part of a larger masters or doctoral program. While it is obvious that training in research will make a student a better researcher, I have heard some people question whether completing a research thesis will make the student a better practising psychologist.

Thus, my questions are:

  • What empirical research exists that has tested whether completing a research thesis in psychology makes you a better practising psychologist?
  • What theoretical frameworks justify or challenge the value of completing a research thesis in terms of improving practical skills required by a psychologist?

You might want to study differences in PsyD and PhD clinical psychologists. The thesis per se doesn't seem to be the question but the focus on research. A PsyD dissertation generally does not involve the conducting of an original line of research while the PhD does. I can't think of a better way to equate your groups at the moment.

As a comment I'd like to mention that the benefits of a scientist-practitioner model reach beyond the immediate and are best seen long term, as the practice of psychology evolves. Someone trained only in therapeutic techniques is trained in a stagnant psychology and is ill equipped to understand new research that motivates changes in the field. They may change but the decision to won't be as well grounded in science and will be more based on their clinical judgment.

If you've ever been to a clinical conference where the budding field of clinical neuroscience was endorsed by a speaker through a careful presentation of (astoundingly powerful) research and logical argument you'd see an embarrassing number of practitioners making serious scientific errors dismissing the idea. And it's not just a bias against new but an inability to make sound scientific judgments. The ridiculous case of Autism and vaccines and how many psychologists actually endorsed that research highlights how we need better scientific training. A training that many an experienced scientist can tell you really only comes through practice.

If you come up with a better way to produce a clinician on the day after they graduate then you haven't necessarily come up with a better way to train a psychologist.


How to choose a psychologist

When you need help from a trained, licensed professional to work through feelings or problems that seem beyond your control, these tips can help you choose a psychotherapist and address the financial questions related to therapy.

At some time in our lives, each of us may feel overwhelmed and may need help dealing with our problems. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, more than 30 million Americans need help dealing with feelings and problems that seem beyond their control — problems with a marriage or relationship, a family situation or dealing with losing a job, the death of a loved one, depression, stress, burnout or substance abuse. Those losses and stresses of daily living can at times be significantly debilitating. Sometimes we need outside help from a trained, licensed professional in order to work through these problems. Through therapy, psychologists help millions of Americans of all ages live healthier, more productive lives.


Which One is Right For You?

There is no right answer for this question. Both degree options have their own merits, requirements and results. What matters is your drive and motivation as well as your career aspiration. For starters, you need to have an interest in the subject of psychology, otherwise there may not be any point in doing a masters, let alone a PhD. A masters can only take you so far career-wise, sooner or later you will need to rely on a PhD to take your career to the next level – therefore you need to consider your vision. The best way to answer this question is from a timeline point of view – you must prioritize your goals at the given time.


Psychology - Face to Face and Telehealth Appointments Available

Psychology is the scientific study of how people behave, think and feel. It aims to help people and communities lead healthier, happier and more meaningful lives.

Generally speaking, a psychologist focuses on thoughts and beliefs, behaviours and actions, and the emotions or feelings related to a person’s specific problem. They typically assist people with concerns such as depression, panic attacks, grief and loss, adjustment to difficult circumstances such as divorce, excessive worry, child behaviour problems, adjustment to physical problems or injury, relationship problems, reactions to trauma such as car accidents, robberies, and stress-related problems.

How does it work, to heal you?

Practicing psychologists have the professional training and clinical skills to help people learn to cope more effectively with life issues and mental health problems. They use a variety of techniques based on the best available research as well as considering someone's unique values, characteristics, goals and circumstances.

Treatment begins with an assessment phase, where the psychologist spends time understanding the problems and issues. Following this is a treatment phase, where specific exercises, techniques and strategies are developed and practiced. The core aim of their approach is to build a supportive, empathic and respectful relationship, focused on active listening and understanding and where needed, best-practice relevant advice.

Why are we different?

We’ve taken particular care to build a compassionate and experienced team of clinical and general psychologists, who are skilled in treating adults, teenagers and children. They are all registered providers with both Medicare and private health funds.

Our psychologists are trained to use Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, as well as a range of other evidence-based psychological approaches, including Motivational Interviewing, Mindfulness, Solution-Focused Therapy, Interpersonal Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR).

When we can help:

Our team of psychologists understand that:

  • We’ve all experienced times when we feel like things aren’t OK and often we don’t understand why. Our psychologists are experts at making sense of what and why you aren’t at your best and guiding you back to a better, brighter space.
  • Through the use of a holistic integrated approach to your psychological care they can optimise your ability to make positive progress that is more likely to be permanent.
  • Each patient has unique needs which are best matched with one of our psychologists who has a special interest in that area.
  • Our patients require expertise to treat both common, as well as complex and challenging psychological issues.

All our psychologists are members of the Australian Psychological Society and are registered with the Psychologist’s Board of Australia.

Psychological services available:

  • Child and adult psychology
  • WorkCover and insurance claims
  • Cognitive behaviour therapy
  • Schema-focused therapy
  • Interpersonal therapy
  • Psychological assessment
  • Psychological treatment
  • Couples therapy (not covered by Medicare)

as well as services to treat.

  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Adults & Children)
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Child and Adolescent Disorders
  • Chronic or Persistent Pain
  • Depression
  • Eating Disorders and Obesity
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  • Insomnia
  • Mixed Anxiety
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
  • Panic Disorder
  • Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Schizophrenia and Other Sever Mental Illnesses
  • Social Phobia and Public Speaking Anxiety
  • Specific Phobias (e.g. Animals, heights, blood, needles, dental)
  • Substance and Alcohol Use Disorders

Psychology Telehealth

Our Psychologists prefer to see clients for face-to-face appointments, however if you have cold, flu or gastro symptoms, or have recently travelled to a Covid hotspot area, then telehealth appointments can be a good way to continue to access the appointment that you need. If you would prefer telehealth appointments for your care, please discuss this with our reception team to co-ordinate whether this is most appropriate between you and your Psychologist.

  • If you have ever used skype, facetime, messenger video, you will be able to do this – it’s essentially a video chat.
  • It allows you to stay home for your safety (and potentially convenience).
  • We will send you the information via email that walks you through the simple process of setting it all up.
  • Patients must complete a consent form prior to having a telehealth session.

Rachel Johnson

BA (Psych), BPsych (Hons), Assoc MAPS

Rachel has many years experience working with children, young people, adults and their families. Rachel has worked across diverse settings including community organisations and public mental health. She has experience treating complex mental and developmental concerns. Her practice framework encompasses a belief in human dignity and empowering clients through a strong therapeutic alliance.

Georgia Watkins-Allen

BA (Hons), M.ClinPsych, MAPS

Georgia is a Clinical Psychologist with extensive experience in QLD Health working in complex in-patient units and began in private practice at Tyack Health in 2011.

Maree Smith

BA (Psych), BPsych (Hons), MPsych (Health)

Maree has extensive experience helping people with anxiety, depression, trauma, grief and loss, adjustment to illness, and physical pain. She has worked in forensic, rehabilitation and community mental health settings with adults of all ages. Her master’s thesis explored people’s personal growth experiences with cancer and examined the resilience of highly sensitive people.

Samantha Ferguson

MClinPsych, MAPS, Masters in Clinical Psychology

Samantha has many years experience working with children, adolescents, young adults and their families. She believes strongly in early intervention and working collaboratively to strengthen emotional health, interpersonal relationships and wellbeing.

Amy Sigley

B. Psych. Science (Hons), M. Psych. MAPS

Amy is a warm and experienced psychologist who loves what she does for a living. She has been registered since 2007. She sees it as a privilege to support her clients and loves to nurture them. Past clients have described her as someone who is naturally compassionate, easy-going, has a lot of life experience, likes to have a laugh, and is non-judgemental.

Ornella Moutou

BPsychSci (Hons)

From a young age, Ornella was inquisitive as to why people behave the way they do. She is passionate about helping others see and become compassionate towards themselves. Ornella finds it rewarding when witnessing patient outcomes indicating growth of any kind. She is empathetic, supportive and warm. Ornella’s special interests include attachment, trauma and EMDR treatment.

Michelle White

BSc (Hons), DPsych (Clinical Psychology/Clinical Neuropsychology), MAPS

Michelle’s interest in psychology takes her back to school days when she gained satisfaction and interest from listening and talking to others about their problems. Now, being a psychologist, Michelle feels privileged that people choose to share their innermost concerns and worries with her. She is so fascinated by the thousands of people’s life stories she has heard over the 20 years she’s been practising and loves nothing more than when people let her ‘work them out’. She knows that progress is being made when clients are comfortable enough to be emotionally vulnerable, and enjoys the moment when she can see someone becoming aware of their own resilience.

About Psychology Sessions

Psychologists who work in the area of psychology typically assist people with concerns such as depression, panic attacks, grief and loss, adjustment to difficult circumstances such as divorce, excessive worry, child behaviour problems, adjustment to physical problems such as pain, disability, or terminal illness, relationship problems, reactions to trauma such as car accidents or robberies, and stress related problems.

During your first appointment, you will be encouraged to explain your concerns. With respect to appointments for children, it is useful to attend the first appointment without your son or daughter so that you can speak freely about your concerns.

To gain further understanding of your difficulties, you will be asked relevant questions and at times be asked to complete questionnaires. The aim of your treatment will be to improve your understanding of the problem and will focus on how you can develop ways of managing and solving your difficulties.

Psychology for Children

We have several experienced therapists on our psychology team who work with children, addressing issues including parenting concerns, child behaviour difficulties, child anxiety, depression, self-esteem and confidence, grief, adjustment to divorce, bed-wetting, making friends, and bullying.

For young children, we recommend booking your initial appointment without your son or daughter so that you can speak freely and thoroughly about your concerns. Please note that Medicare rebates cannot be claimed if an appointment is not personally attended by the person named on the referral.

Treatment for children may require joint sessions with your child, sessions alone with parents and/or sessions alone with your child depending on their age and concerns. The best approach will be discussed with you along the way.

Making an Appointment

To make an appointment, no referral is necessary unless you intend to claim a Medicare rebate. Please call reception to make a booking or to request an information brochure about psychology at Tyack Health.

If you would like to be placed on our waiting list for an earlier appointment or for specific appointment times please request this at reception. Contact reception for further information.

Most private health funds refund part of the cost of the consultation under ‘extras’ cover.
Medicare rebates are available if your doctor has referred you through the Medicare scheme.

Medicare Rebates

Your doctor, psychiatrist or paediatrician may determine that you or your child meet criteria for referral through the Medicare scheme. It is possible to claim Medicare rebates for individual and group psychology sessions with a specific referral.

If you are eligible for a Mental Health Treatment Plan you can receive a Medicare Rebate for up to 10 Psychology or 12 GP Psychotherapy sessions per calendar year. From 9 October 2020 until 30 June 2022, 10 additional psychological therapy sessions, are now available each calendar year under the Better Access COVID-19 Pandemic Support measure. Please note that the initial 10 psychology sessions must be completed before the new COVID-19 sessions can be accessed.

Your initial referral provides a Medicare rebate for 6 appointments. If required, your psychologist will then suggest you see your referring practitioner for a review or re-referral for a further 4 sessions. If further sessions are required, you will need a third referral to access the additional COVID-19 sessions.

For further information or to download the Medicare 'Information for Clients Fact Sheet', visit the Australian Psychological Society website at www.psychology.org.au/medicare/

Please note that couples therapy is not covered by Medicare and will be privately billed.

Insurance and WorkCover

If your appointments are to be funded by a third party such as WorkCover Queensland or an insurance company, you will need to cover the cost of your appointments until approval of funding has been secured. You may then be able to apply for reimbursement of these costs from the third party in due course.

Cancellation Policy

If you are unable to keep your appointment, we appreciate early notification so that no-one is inconvenienced.

If an appointment is cancelled within 24 hours of the scheduled time, a $50 fee may be charged. Appointments cancelled within 4 hours or not attended may attract the full appointment fee.

Department Hours & Fees

Monday to Friday 8.00am - 5.00pm
Saturday 8.00am - 2.30pm

Clinical Psychology Consultation (50-60 minutes) $210 Medicare Rebate $128.40
General Psychology Consultation (50-60 minutes) $180 Medicare Rebate $87.45


* Please note: Pension rates may be available upon request. NDIS prices are in line with the NDIS price guide. Please check with Reception.

You will be required to pay for your appointment at the time of your consultation unless we have received approval for a third party to cover your consultation costs.

Medicare and private health fund rebates are available with our Clinical and General Psychologists. If you are claiming private health fund rebates, HICAPS is available for your convenience. If you intend to claim a Medicare rebate, please ensure you have the correct referral paperwork from your doctor.

Cancellation Policy

We understand that life is unpredictable and you may not always be able to make your scheduled appointment. If you can’t make an appointment please contact our reception at least 24 hours prior to cancel or arrange for another time.


Missed appointments and appointments cancelled without 24 hours notice may be charged the full consultation fee.

Contact our Reception team on (07) 3249 5333 for further information.

Privacy

Psychologists are bound by the legal requirements of the National Privacy Principles from the Privacy Amendment Act 2000 and follow strict guidelines for professional conduct that include confidentiality.

At your first appointment, a file containing personal contact details, referral information and sessions notes will be set up. These files are kept in a secure filing cabinet accessed only by our psychology team. Occasionally, administration staff may need to access files and enter referral information into the computer system for billing purposes. There will be no information relating to any aspect of your presenting problem, assessment or treatment stored on our computerised billing system.

Letters or reports written by your therapist on our computer system are stored in a secure, password protected area with access limited to our psychology team, and on rare occasion, our information technology staff. If privacy is a concern, this can be discussed with your Psychologist or the Centre Manager.

At any time, you may ask to see your file. Information in your file will remain confidential within the bounds of legal requirements. If a file is subpoenaed by court, you give your Psychologist permission to disclose the contents of your file, or if the Psychologist becomes aware of information that would place you or another person at risk, the contents of your file may be shared with appropriate people.

Frequently Asked Questions

Do I need a referral?
A referral is not necessary to book an appointment unless you are intending to claim a rebate from Medicare.

How long is an appointment?
A standard appointment duration is between 50-60 minutes.

Can I claim a Medicare rebate?
Some appointments attract a Medicare rebate for up to 20 appointments per year. This requires specific assessment and referral from your regular General Practitioner, Psychiatrist or Paediatrician in order for them to determine the best care for you. If you are interested in discussing this further, please speak to your doctor by booking a ‘long’ consultation with them to allow time to discuss your concerns and to complete referral paperwork.

If you require information regarding Medicare rebate amounts, please see Medicare Referrals section.

What is the difference between a Clinical Psychologist and a General Psychologist?
General Psychologists have completed four years of training majoring in psychology. In addition, they have completed two years practicing as a psychologist under supervision and may be in the process of completing higher qualifications.

Clinical Psychology specialists have completed four years training similar to general psychologists and in addition, have completed masters or doctorate level training as well as the required practice under supervision.

What about registration?
Our psychologists are fully registered with the Psychology Board of Australia and members of the Australian Psychological Society.

Can I claim from a private health fund?
Most private health funds refund part of the cost of consultations under ‘extras’ cover. A referral is not necessary to claim a private health fund rebate. We suggest you contact your health fund for information regarding your entitlements.

What about privacy and confidentiality?
Psychologists are bound by the legal requirements of the National Privacy Principles from the Privacy Amendment Act 2000 and follow strict guidelines for professional conduct that include confidentiality. A file will be set up for you at your first appointment and will include personal contact details and session notes. These will be kept in a secure filing cabinet. Occasionally, administration staff may need to access files. Information in your file will remain confidential within the bounds of legal requirements. Therefore, if the file is subpoenaed by court, you give your psychologist permission to disclose the contents of your file, or if the psychologist becomes aware of information that would place you or another person at risk, the contents of your file may be shared with appropriate people. Please speak to us if you have any questions or concerns regarding confidentiality.

How do I go about arranging an appointment for my child?
It is recommended that you book your initial appointment without your son or daughter to enable you to speak freely about your concerns. It can then be determined whether a follow-up appointment is necessary with your son or daughter.

Please note, rebates for appointments can only be claimed for individuals who are present on the day and who have an accurate referral in their name.

What type of therapy will I receive?
Our psychologists are very experienced in the use of Supportive Psychotherapy and Cognitive Behaviour Therapy. In addition, we also use a variety of other therapeutic approaches where appropriate including Interpersonal, Mindfulness, Solution-Focused, Schema Focused, Acceptance and Commitment and EMDR Therapy styles.

Useful Links

The Happiness Trap Pocketbook
This simplified, cartoon-based version of the original book, is now out in all good bookstores in Australia and New Zealand, as well as on Kindle. The main aim of the book is to make The Happiness Trap appealing and accessible and easy-to-read: a) for people who are not keen readers, b) for teenagers, and c) for folks who are so stressed, anxious or depressed that reading is really hard work. The secondary aim is to provide a quick and easy refresher course for anyone who’s already read the original. Check out these pages to get a sense of it: The Happiness Trap Pocketbook - Sample pages


Meet a Wide Variety of People

If you enjoy working with people and helping them achieve their full potential, then becoming a psychologist can be extremely rewarding.

While you will often face challenges, seeing your clients make real progress and work towards their goals can give you a feeling of accomplishment.

Whether you are working exclusively with children, adults, married couples or families, you will have the opportunity to meet and help people from all walks of life.


Psychology Ponderings

It is the beginning of August which means I am coming towards the end of my first placement, and subsequently my first year of Clinical Psychology training. Here I intend to summarise the experience thus far, and highlight the hits and misses along the way.

As mentioned in previous blog posts, on my course I started off with a 7-week teaching block consisting of teaching 5 days per week until mid-November when we all started our 10-month foundation placement. From thereon we are on placement 3 days per week, allowing 1 day for university teaching and one for studying.

I have been on placement in an adult mental health service which has largely consisted of maintaining my own case load of clients for whom I have provided one-to-one psychological therapy. Other pieces of work include: co-facilitating therapeutic groups regularly attending DBT consult and occasionally assisting with teaching the DBT skills group screening for a group therapy cognitive assessments CBT training to other MDT staff and attending weekly clinical supervision.

Alongside attending placement, there have been university assessments that have been staggered throughout the academic year. These have included:

  • an annotated bibliography on a topic of interest
  • a reflective practice report encouraging us to reflect on the development of a therapeutic relationship with a client we have worked with
  • an essay formulating a client we have worked with from two different psychological models
  • a thesis research proposal
  • a service evaluation

In December we attended a ‘research fayre’ advertising the range of thesis projects available to us, and the supervisors who were able to provide projects. From thereon we have been encouraged to make contact with supervisors to develop a research proposal which was due for submission in July/August.

While on placement we have been required to have multiple observations from our placement supervisor during sessions with clients to assess our communication skills and abilities to create a ‘secure base’ for clients. We have also been required to record sessions where possible to assess a range of clinical competencies relating to different psychological models.

On the whole this academic year has gone well. I have been kept busy while on placement, working with clients who have a range of difficulties who come from a range of backgrounds.

Perhaps the greatest challenge for me during this year of training is the amount of juggling that we have been required to do. While being on placement and seeing clients for one-to-one therapy, we have also been required to plan and conduct a service evaluation, plan and develop our thesis research proposal, write a 5000-word essay formulating from two different psychological models, all whilst attending teaching 1 day a week on a range of different topics that are not immediately relevant to the placement we are currently on. This has been a bit of a struggle at times holding lots of different things in my head simultaneously, and working on different pieces of work at the same time. This might however be considered great practise for when I am a fully qualified Clinical Psychologist where I might be expected to have multiple commitments.

Being constantly busy on placement has its merits as I feel as though I am having a real-life experience of what is like to be a Psychologist in an adult mental health service, working under time constraints, and performing varied roles. Perhaps the only downside to this is that I only have my study day in order to work on all of the above piece of work, whereas other classmates sometimes have more spare time on placement were they can do university work. This then puts a lot of pressure on my study days to be productive and to make good use of the time.

I have also been a little unfortunate with developing my research idea due to delayed exchanges in communication with an external supervisor with whom I was working with. There were often big gaps in communication, and it felt like we had made very little progress in developing the research idea in six months. Having always been somebody who likes to keep ahead with work, and to complete things way ahead of time, this was very unnerving my classmates we ready to write their research proposals while I didn’t even know what my research question was!

The thought of continuing to work with this particular supervisor for another two years after already feeling quite disillusioned filled me with a little dread. I subsequently chose to work with a different supervisor based at the university on a totally different project. This meant that while my classmates have had six months to develop their research idea ready for the research proposal deadline, I have had just two weeks from meeting my new supervisor for the first time ’til the deadline for the proposal. Thankfully the university have been understanding with my situation and I have been granted a two-week extension in order to allow more time to work with my new supervisor to develop my research proposal.

Another challenge I have experienced on training has been adopting a ‘new’ writing style. During my undergrad and Masters degrees it has always been instrumental to write in an academic manner when completing essays and research projects. The advice given to me on my induction week when I was an 18-year old Fresher still resonates: “your work should read as though it has come from a book or a journal article”. Ultimately this means writing in a scientific and academic manner that does not use the words “I”, “we” or “me”.

Many of the assignments we have completed so far during training have required me to be reflective and to recount my personal experiences while working with clients. This is obviously requiring quite a different way of writing, encouraging us to use the words “I” and “me” to explore how we felt about a range of different things. Suffice to say this way of writing does not come natural to me, and requires much more effort than the more ‘academic’ writing, and this is perhaps reflective in the feedback I have received to date. Nonetheless, as with any other skill, I am assured that it is a matter of practising in order to get better at.

Overall my first-year of training has been thoroughly enjoyable. I have learned an awful lot from my placement, and am already able to how my clinical skills and knowledge have greatly developed since beginning training. There have been various challenges along the way so far, but as I have been reminded on several occasions – having worked hard to reach clinical training, I would be disappointed if it wasn’t challenging and difficult at times.


Where do you want to do it?

The next stage is to identify a university and a supervisor who you will want to work with for the next two to four years. The most common way of getting a PhD place is through enquiries to departments and potential supervisors, and many people elect to do an MSc or PhD at the institution where they have already studied, supervised by people they already know.

However, if you cannot or do not want to do a masters or PhD at your current university, a good strategy is to talk to people who work in your chosen area about departments and supervisors.

One of the important things to find out about any institution you are considering is the potential for obtaining a funded place and, in particular, whether they are accredited to receive funding from the research councils (ESRC, EPSRC, BBSRC and MRC).

If a department is accredited you will have a much better chance of getting funding, and accredited departments may have higher retention rate. To get research council funding you either put together a research proposal with your potential supervisor or are nominated by the department to receive an award, depending on the Research Council that you are applying for.

The final piece of advice is to believe in yourself, persevere, and to not be afraid to ask questions of the institutions/supervisors you speak to. Remember that you are choosing them as much as they are choosing you.


#4 More PsyD Programs Available

The PsyD has enjoyed a resurgence in the last 20 years, and there are many online and on-campus programs available across the country. If you earn your Psy.D. online, you can complete your coursework remotely and participate in your clinical work and internship in your local area.

If there ever was any stigma surrounding the PsyD, most of this is gone because employers understand that one degree is not better than the other. Most doctoral-level psychology employers accept professionals with either degree.

The difference between the PsyD and Ph.D. has much more to do with your personal goals than degree quality.


Required Supervised Hours and Testing for Licensing in Colorado

While studying for either your master’s or doctorate degree you will have 700 hours of supervised experience through compulsory internships. After you have graduated you are required, over a maximum of two years, to receive 2,300 more hours of supervised experience. Every individual wishing to apply for licensure must have completed 3,000 supervised hours.

Once you have attained your required total of supervised hours you must then sit the National Counselor Examination or NCE. This exam is required for all those wishing to practice as a licensed psychologist in the state of Colorado.

After you have passed your NCE you are then able to apply for licensure, for further details on how to apply and for all the relevant forms visit the Colorado Department of Regulatory Agencies Website.

Note: For detailed information about how to earn a psychology license in Colorado please see the Colorado Board of Psychology overview of licensure as a psychologist.


Master's Program Types

While there are generalist programs available, many students elect to focus on a particular specialty area. Some of the different types of master's programs available include:

  • M.A. or M.S. in experimental psychology
  • M.A. or M.S. in industrial-organizational psychology
  • M.A. or M.S. in forensic psychology
  • M.A. or M.S. in clinical psychology
  • M.A. or M.S. in social psychology
  • M.A. or M.S. in child development

In addition to traditional master's programs, there are a variety of online master's degrees in psychology available.